Андрей Смирнов
Время чтения: ~28 мин.
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10 лучших бесплатных vpn-сервисов для компьютеров и смартфонов

Key features of Hotspot Shield router VPN

  • Protect all devices connected to your Wi-Fi—from IoT devices, gaming consoles, to smart TVs—even if they don’t support VPN apps.

  • Never worry about whether your family remembers to turn on their VPN—everyone is protected when they’re connected to your Wi-Fi.

  • Connect 1 router and 5 devices under your account. Get VPN apps for your mobile phone, laptop, and more—so you’re protected wherever you are.

  • Stop cyber predators from tracking you online. Our VPN offers encryption technology with built-in malware and phishing protection.

  • Access content all over the world by connecting to one of thousands of servers across 80+ countries and 35+ cities.

  • With no data limits for Premium members, download, game and stream as much content as you want.

  • We’re here to help Premium members with any questions or issues. We’ll be with you in seconds.

Captive Portal на Windows

Организовать Captive Portal на Windows штатными средствами проблематично из-за особенностей работы брандмауэра (который, кстати, начал контролировать исходящие соединения только с Vista), поэтому в любом случае придется обращаться к сторонним решениям. Выбор здесь не особенно велик — DNS Redirector, FirstSpot, PacketFence, myWIFIzone, работает под WinXP/2k), Wifidog и Antamedia HotSpot. Из них бесплатны PacketFence и Wifidog. Первый требует некоторой подготовки, а используемые во втором компоненты, такие как Apache, PHP, PostgreSQL, удобнее разворачивать на *nix-системе.

Из перечисленных наиболее функционален Antamedia HotSpot, который позволяет организовать свободный и предоплаченный доступ (по трафику, времени или скорости), управлять пропускной способностью, гарантируя нужную скорость разным клиентам, блокировать нежелательные сайты, получать статистику и многое другое. Развертывание Antamedia HotSpot не представляет особой сложности, в режиме простой установки все компоненты (хотспот, интерфейс оператора и база данных) устанавливаются на один компьютер. Разобраться с первоначальными установками помогает визард, интерфейсы настраиваются автоматически, пользователь может также выбрать внешний вид страницы регистрации. Дальнейшее управление производится при помощи понятного интерфейса.

Here are the Free Wifi Hotspot Software for Windows

Check out below and find the best Wifi Hotspot Software for Windows. Though, they are free but some of the Hotspot Software requires you to subscribe to a paid version to unlock all the features.

1. Connectify Hotspot App for PC 2017

This is one of the famous Wifi Hotspot Software for Windows. However, this software is free but you need buy any one of the two versions to get extra functions. The two versions are Pro and Max. So the main distinguish feature between the paid and unpaid version is that the free version uses Ethernet and Wifi to establish a Hotspot. Whereas, the paid version let you use the cellular data.

Other paid features offered by Connectify Hotspot are Real-time monitoring of the network usage and ad-block service. Moreover, with a paid version, you can enter a custom SSID, firewall, bridging mode and more.

2. MaryFi – Free Virtual Router Software for PC

This is a free Wifi Hotspot software for Windows, which has more free features than the mentioned paid Hotspot software. It is compatible with all kind of internet connection albeit be Wifi, Ethernet or cellular data. The software has a WPA 2 password Encryption, to offer a secure and private connection. Though it is compatible with Windows 7, 8 and 8.1, it does not support Windows 10. Maybe a future update will make it compatible for the Windows 10.

3. mHotspot – Turn Laptop Into WiFi Hotspot

Now, mHotspot is another Wifi Hotspot Software for Windows, but unlike few it offers a full free experience. This software does not have any paid versions and is completely free to use. mHotspot lets the user share internet connection with either, Ethernet, cellular data or Wifi across various devices.

The software is available for Windows 7, 8 and 10 and is the only free software to have this many features. With the mHotspot you have a limit of connecting 10 devices. Another great feature it offers is the ability to increase the Wifi range. It uses WPA2 PSK as for password security.

4. Virtual Router Plus – Free WiFi Hotspot app for PC

Now this is Hotspot software, unlike the other Wifi Hotspot software for Windows, Virtual Router Plus is free and open source. For developers the program is written in C# and is available for Windows 7 and 8. However, we have tested the program on our Windows 10 and it seems to work fine with it and we hadn’t had any problems or disconnections.

You don’t need to install Virtual Router Plus just download it and play. The best part is that this program does not run any ads and will not track any web traffic. Like many it also uses WPA 2 for protection.

5. HostedNetworkStarter – WiFi Hotspot App for Windows 10/8/7

HostedNetworkStarter like the other Wifi Hotspot Software for Windows, mentioned in the list uses Wireless network to create a Hotspot. The software is compatible with the Windows 7, 8 and 10 but does not support XP and Vista. But how it is different from other Hotspot software mentioned here, is that you don’t need to install it. You can just download the zip file then unzip it and run the software.

Let us know in the comments below any other Wifi Hotspot software for Windows we missed?

Hotspot Shield Free VPN Proxy is a program that lets you encrypt your connection to browse the Internet in a totally private, anonymous, and secure manner

Vote

…10987654321

Average

8/10
(37 Votes)

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Browsing the Internet sometimes involves risks regarding our anonymity and privacy. We can run those risks when we access any web or by simply connecting to a WiFi network. One of the measures that we can adopt to avoid these problems is downloading and installing a VPN application, and Hotspot Shield is one of the best around.

Protect your browsing

But, what’s a VPN? Well, it’s a virtual private network that allows us to create a safe connection to another network by means of using dedicated connections, encryption or combining both methods.

At present, these applications and other similar ones of the likes of Tor Browser (which incorporates its own VPN functions) are used to preserve the identity of Internet users, although they are also frequently used to avoid restrictions on the use of certain services, such as the download of torrents, which is blocked by certain Internet providers.

The main advantages offered by this software are the following:

  • Private and anonymous browsing: it’s capable of spoofing our IP address so that if anyone tries to locate us, we’ll be sending out a fake location.
  • Access to blocked sites: there are contents on the Internet that are restricted due to censorship or because the service isn’t available in a certain territory. You can avoid these limitations with this application.
  • Security for your WiFi connections: establish the security conditions necessary to browse on public WiFi networks, making sure that your data don’t get exposed.

It’s obviously one of the solutions that many Internet users resort to to be able to access Netflix, although the service to watch movies and series via streaming has blocked this kind of access. The same goes for HBO.

How to use Hotspot Shield Free VPN Proxy?

Using this program couldn’t be any easier: just press the main button on its interface to enable the protection and have your connection encrypted by the program. From that moment onwards, your connection is channeled through the application, regardless of whether you access the Internet through Chrome, Firefox or any other program. It offers the user the possibility to choose the location of the connection in order to pretend to be browsing from different countries.

This safe browsing and privacy tool has to be paid for to be able to use its Elite version, however, we can try it out for free for 7 days thanks to the trial version.

Apart from this version for Windows PC, you can also download Hotspot Shield for Mac, iPhone, and Android in its corresponding APK format.

Requirements and additional information:

Elies Guzmán

8/10

Antony Peel

Software languages

Author
AnchorFree, Inc

Updated
3 months ago

Last revision
06/23/2020

Size
18 MB

Почему мне следует пользоваться Hotspot Shield VPN?

На то, чтобы пользоваться Hotspot Shield VPN, есть множество весомых причин. Мы разработали одну из самых быстрых и эффективных VPN-технологий, доступных на сей день — Catapult Hydra. Имеющий более 30-и патентов, наш уникальный, проприетарный протокол VPN для передачи трафика оптимизирует многочисленные серверные соединения, самые сильные и быстрые на больших расстояниях. PCWorld заключили, что Hotspot Shield VPN — это «самая быстрая VPN», которую они тестировали.

Среди наших обязательств по обеспечению наилучшего обслуживания пользователей по всему миру — наша твердая приверженность конфиденциальности и безопасности. Мы твердо убеждены в том, что конфиденциальность в Интернете является базовым, неотъемлемым правом человека. Это означает, что мы не отслеживаем, не записываем и не сохраняем персонально идентифицируемую информацию наших пользователей. Ваши данные анонимны для всех третьих лиц, включая нас самих.

Мы гордимся тем, что отстаиваем нашу миссию для наших пользователей — доступ к мировой информации и конфиденциальность данных являются основополагающими правами человека. Мы предоставляем превосходные технологии и прозрачные стандарты конфиденциальности, чтобы сделать всё это возможным.

Присоединитесь к более чем 650 миллионам пользователей по всему миру, доверяющим Hotspot Shield VPN.

Frequently Asked Questions

What routers is Hotspot Shield compatible with?

Hotspot Shield’s router VPN is compatible with many popular routers, including Asus, GL-iNET, Linksys, Netgear, and more. For certain routers, like Linksys and Netgear, you may need to install specific opensource firmware — such as DD-WRT or FreshTomato — to make your router compatible. You can find all the information you need in our Router setup guides.

What is the best free VPN for router?

While Hotspot Shield does have a free VPN product, our router VPN is only available to Premium members. For the best user experience on your router, Hotspot Shield Premium offers unlimited bandwidth, 80+ server locations and 35+ cities around the world, 24/7 customer support, a 45-day money-back guarantee, and so much more.

Hotspot Shield VPN: Key features for Chrome

  • Privacy and security that also blocks 57 million malware and phishing sites a day

  • We offer 3,200 servers in 80+ countries, including 35+ cities around the world

  • Hotspot Shield’s proprietary Hydra VPN protocol is verified by experts as the fastest, most secure on the market

  • Get Premium today and stream as much as you want. Unlimited bandwidth means you never have to stop.

  • We’re here to help Premium members with any questions or issues. We’ll be with you in seconds, not minutes or hours.

  • We’re so confident you’ll love everything about Hotspot Shield, you can try it completely risk-free for 45-days

  • Create an account to link up to 5 devices, including your phone, tablet, and TV

Hotspot Shield VPN: Key features for iOS

  • Privacy and security that also blocks 57 million malware and phishing sites a day

  • We offer 3,200 servers in 80+ countries, including 35+ cities around the world

  • Hotspot Shield’s proprietary Hydra VPN protocol is verified by experts as the fastest, most secure on the market

  • Get Premium today and stream as much as you want. Unlimited bandwidth means you never have to stop.

  • We’re here to help Premium members with any questions or issues. We’ll be with you in seconds, not minutes or hours.

  • We’re so confident you’ll love everything about Hotspot Shield, you can try it completely risk-free for 45-days

  • Create an account to link up to 5 devices, including your phone, tablet, and TV

Shop routers with Hotspot Shield VPN

These powerful wireless routers are pre-installed with Hotspot Shield VPN, and come with a 30-day money-back guarantee and 1-year warranty from FlashRouters*

Shop all routers

  • Netgear R6700
    • Good for 1-5 devices
    • Small to medium apartments
    • 1.4 GHz Processor
    • Up to AC1750

    Shop

  • Linksys WRT3200ACM
    • Good for 4-9 devices
    • Large apartments and medium sized homes
    • 1.4 GHz Processor
    • Up to AC3200

    Shop

    Most popular

  • Asus RT-AC53000
    • Good for 10+ devices
    • Large homes and small businesses
    • 1.8 GHz Processor
    • Up to AC5300

    Shop

*We receive a small commission if you use our links to buy routers from www.FlashRouters.com. All routers purchased by you are subject to the terms of FlashRouters. We are not agents of FlashRouters and do not assume any obligation or liability for your purchase or operation of any routers. Guarantee and warranties come from FlashRouters.

Facebook Mobile App

What We Like

  • Built-in features is a nice one stop if you’re just using Facebook.

  • No additional apps or plug-ins required.

What We Don’t Like

  • Not very accurate.

  • Does not show other networks if you’re connected to one already.

  • Hard to find the feature.

The Facebook mobile app is by far one of the easiest ways to find free Wi-Fi if you already have the app installed. 

To use Facebook to find free internet, open the More menu and then tap Find Wi-Fi. You might have to tap See More at the bottom to show it.

If there aren’t Wi-Fi networks where you’re currently located, find a different area on the map and tap Search this area to look for free internet there. Switch between List and Map view for different ways to view the results.

Настраиваем Captive Portal в Zentyal

Если под Captive Portal выделяется новый сервер и все настройки нужно произвести в короткое время, то лучше обратиться к специализированным решениям, где все необходимое делается буквально парой нажатий клавиш. Яркий пример — серверный дистрибутив Zentyal, ориентированный на малые и средние корпоративные сети. Он может выступать в любой из четырех ролей сетевого шлюза, Office Server, сервера коммуникаций и инфраструктуры. Для поддержки Captive Portal следует во время установки активировать одноименный модуль (активируется роль Gateway и все сопутствующие пакеты). Затем в мастере первичной настройки правильно указываем на LAN-интерфейс. Создаем учетные записи пользователей и группы. Далее в интерфейсе настройки Zentyal переходим в меню Captive Portal и отмечаем в поле «Captive-интерфейсы» нужный, выбираем группу, участники которой будут иметь доступ, и указываем порт, на который будут перенаправляться пользователи. Вот и все. Теперь любой, кто желает подключиться к сети, вводит свои учетные данные, если аутентификация проходит успешно, появляется всплывающее окно, которое нужно держать открытым. Чтобы отключиться, достаточно нажать кнопку «Выйти» или просто закрыть окно браузера.

Если имеем шлюз, построенный на Ubuntu, то для установки связанных с Zentyal приложений проще использовать специальный репозиторий:

После чего команда sudo apt-cache search zentyal покажет более 20 модулей Zentyal.

Выбираем пакеты для установки Captive Portal в Zentyal

В принципе, на этот момент ничего особенного нет. Суть Captive Portal заключается в добавлении нужных правил на лету. Для этого понадобится скрипт, который будет получать IP/MAC и передавать их пакетному фильтру. Полностью HTML-страницу приводить здесь нет смысла, поэтому ограничимся ключевыми моментами с нужным функционалом. На странице, куда перенаправляется пользователь, должен быть следующий код, получающий IP- и MAC-адреса:

При необходимости добавляем поле для проверки логина и пароля, нужные примеры легко найти в интернете. Далее в этом же скрипте подставляем полученные данные в правила iptables и DansGuardian, после чего перезапускаем последний:

После подключения клиента запись в /etc/dansguardian/lists/authplugins/ipgroups будет выглядеть так:

Параметр filter1 указывает на группу фильтров, так мы можем устанавливать специфические настройки для всех пользователей, подключающихся посредством Captive Portal. При необходимости так же легко в DansGuardian подставляется и логин пользователя, для реализации индивидуальных правил. Не забываем разрешить фильтр IP в dansguardian.conf:

Так как используемые системные команды может выполнять только root, немного подправим sudoers, чтобы их мог запускать и веб-сервер:

Новые правила iptables, появляющиеся в Zentyal после активации Captive Portal

Вот мы и реализовали простейший Captive Portal. Если хотспот будет работать сутками, следует побеспокоиться, чтобы через некоторое время таблица очищалась. Здесь можно придумать несколько вариантов. Например, параллельно создавать задание для cron, которое будет срабатывать через определенное время, убирая правило. Другой вариант — прописывать данные сессии в отдельный файл, а затем при помощи cron или при каждом вызове PHP-скрипта анализировать время создания файла и удалять устаревшие записи. В Zentyal, например, после регистрации пользователя открывается отдельное окно, а в каталоге /var/lib/zentyal-captiveportal/sessions создается файл, содержащий все данные сессии (IP- и MAC-адрес). Как только пользователь закрывает Popup, вся информация и правила очищаются.

Интерфейс настройки Captive Portal в pfSense

How I Review WiFi Hotspot Software

Many of the reviews you would have read related to this topic, could have been doctored, but as I mentioned above, I have survived without PC Hotspots.

Even though I’m only selecting a few I consider to be the best, I’ve had experiences with various Wifi Software.

The steps I followed while writing this review are:

  1. I began the review by downloading and installing WiFi Hotspot Software
  2. I evaluated each one by connecting it to my TV, Blu-ray layer, my set-top box, and my game console, to know how they function.
  3. After which I wrote a detailed review that includes Pros and Cons for each of the software.

Ultimate Pick of Best WiFi Hotspot Software in 2018 (Review)

Now, I would like to take you through a few WiFi Hotspot apps that are capable of turning your windows PC to a virtual router. These are software I trust to give you the best outcome.

Сравнение альтернативных программ:

WiFi HotSpot Creator

Thinix WiFi Hotspot

Free WiFi Hotspot

mHotSpot-FS

ОписаниеИспользуйте ваш компьютер как роутер Wi-FiМобильная точка доступа Wi-Fi для всех ваших устройств.Превратите ваш ноутбук или компьютер в точку доступа Wi-Fi.Скачать mHotSpot-FS, версия 7890
Рейтингу
Загрузки3,320 66 141 258
Цена$ 0$ 34.95$ 0$ 0
Размер файла1.70 MB2253 KB1126 KB1277 KB

Download

Download

Download

Download

Пользователи, которые скачивали WiFi HotSpot Creator, также скачивали:

Мы рады посоветовать вам программы которые понравились другим пользователям WiFi HotSpot Creator. Вот список программ, аналогичных WiFi HotSpot Creator:

DragonWAF IIS7 Demo Version 
3.1.2.5

Защититесь от атак на ISS-cервер.

скачать
Прокси программы

Рейтинг пользователей

Web Proxy Checker 
1.5.19

Небольшое приложение, которое позволит вам узнать статус вашего прокси-сервера

скачать
Прокси программы

Рейтинг пользователей

Free Http Proxy Scanner 
1.6.0

Эта программа поможет вам найти прокси-сервера.

скачать
Прокси программы

Рейтинг пользователей

Free Socks Proxy Scanner 
1.6.0

Скачать Free Socks Proxy Scanner, версия 1.6.0

скачать
Прокси программы

Рейтинг пользователей

mHotspot

The mHotspot is user-friendly, it is also secure and can be protected with a password. It can act as a repeater and share internet connection across several devices. It is also perfect for multiplayer games.

The fact that mHotspot WiFi Hotspot Software is free and takes only 400KB of your hard disk making it portable and easy to download. It also doesn’t require installation.

It can share network between 10 devices, you can fully customize it to your preference, and you can also create a restriction on the number of devices you intend to connect. You can monitor the internet consumption of the individual devices connected to your mHotspot software, by tracking their details.

Do I Recommend It? No!

You might have a different opinion on this, but the fact that it drains laptop batteries so quickly, I don’t recommend the mHotspot WiFi Hotspot for professional use.

Free WiFi Hotspot

Free WiFi Hotspot is recognized as the No.1 WiFi Hotspot software, so it seems right for it to be is the first in my review. One main advantage is that it is friendly to use and stress-free to set up, so you don’t need prior knowledge of hotspots to get it running.

The software enables you to create hotspot easily and connect to all your other hardware like your iPhones, iPads, game consoles, smartphones, smartwatches, your media layers and even any other WiFi featured laptop you like.

When I use it, it supports all kinds of network coverage from 2G/3G/4G to GPRS and also USB Tethering connections. I could also set up my preferred coverage from my modem that fed internet to my other devices, and my neighbors could also enjoy the same network speed.

Pros

  1. Unlimited connections to all your hardware.
  2. Supports sharing 3G/4G USB adapter and all other types of internet connection
  3. Saves the cost of buying routers.
  4. Easy to set up and use
  5. No trials or limitations, it’s free!

Do I Recommend It? Yes!

The Free WiFi Hotspot software has all the quality to perform its function. I recommend this software because it is the easiest and it’s really free and very stable.

As the name of this software comes, it is free, no trials or limitations. You can stay connected to free Hotspot and have unlimited connections, also like other WiFi Hotspot software, using this virtual WiFi router would help you save the cash of purchasing another device.

Conclusion

At last! We come to an end.

Finally!

If after this review, you don’t seem convinced to use any the WiFi Hotspot Software, think of the day you would be in a hotel or a conference room where they charge you for internet service per device.

Now you see where the advantage lies?

So equip yourself with a WiFi Hotspot Software and start saving up.

  • Best Overall Free WiFi Hotspot Software: as the name implies, Free Hotspot Software is free, no trials or limitation.
  • Best WiFi Hotspot Shareware: Antamedia is most recommended for its professional use.
  • Best range WiFi Hotspot Software for Multiplayer Games: your best bet would be mHotspot because it gives uninterrupted connections.

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Free WiFi Near Me Website

What We Like

  • Video tutorial on website.

  • Can easily add new locations.

What We Don’t Like

  • Google maps keeps giving errors.

  • Obnoxious watermarks on maps.

  • Supposed apps for iOS and Android, but links weren’t working.

If you’re viewing free Wi-Fi, you’ll just see the network name, but password protected networks show both the name and the password in the details window. Click any location on the map that shows a hotspot to see all of its details.

The hotspot locator at Free WiFi Near Me also lets you filter the results by the type of location. You can find free Wi-Fi at salons, outdoor locations, cafes, schools, and other places.

Connectifty

One thing about connnectify is that has both paid and unpaid versions. Both versions allow sharing of internet connections from your PC to all other devices, but the problem I had with the unpaid version was that the hotspot would stop and have to be restarted after every 30 mins of usage.

The software would allow you see the amount of internet consumed and speed you using on each of your devices. The name is not completely customizable. No matter how much I struggled with changing the name, it would always have “connnectify” before it. You might have issues with that if you intend to use it for a public hotspot, but for me, that’s not a problem, it didn’t make me flag connectify as a bad software.

But it didn’t allow me to allocate network speed to my devices, and transfer files or videos with this app was impossible.

Pros

  1. Shares internet to all devices.
  2. Easy to use interface.
  3. Stress-free installation with effective signal range.
  4. Windows show internet speed consumed by each device.
  5. Blacklisting some devices are

Cons

  1. 30 min timeout which interrupts connection on the unpaid version.
  2. Not completely customizable Hotspot name.
  3. Allocation of network speed to various devices is not permitted.

Do I Recommend It? Yes!

Although the only hindrance from using this app professionally is the name that carries “connectify,” but apart from that, I recommend it.

Connectify WiFi Hotspot software works on almost every windows version. It has an easy to use interface with good design, even though I wouldn’t say it has the best design. The functions are easy to access and although I’m not an expert, installing the app wasn’t a problem either.

Frequently asked questions

How does a VPN hide my IP address?

With a VPN, you are effectively switching out your computer’s real IP address the IP address and physical location of the VPN’s server. This ensures you do not expose your personal information. Given there are many people using the same server simultaneously, it’s much harder to separate your data from the data of others on that server. changing your IP address, you can block people from tracking your location. Understand how IP addresses work and use a VPN to protect yourself.

What can I use to watch Netflix with Hotspot Shield VPN?

Hotspot Shield offers a free VPN as well as a paid version of its app. While our Hotspot Shield Premium plan offers many additional benefits — such as over 73 server locations to choose from, unlimited bandwidth, faster speeds, connection for up to five devices, 24/7 customer support, and much more — our free Hotspot Shield app will still allow you to access content and protect your devices with military-grade security. Learn more about our free and premium plans.

Are free VPNs safe?

While Hotspot Shield’s free VPN is safe to use, not all VPN services are reputable. You need to make sure you understand how a VPN company makes its money. For instance, at Hotspot Shield, our free VPN delivers basic functionality and ensures we can provide secure and private access to information for every person on the planet — whether they can afford to pay us or not. Our premium subscription VPN offers enhanced features and functionality, and it’s our paid product that allows us to offset the cost of our free service. Our business model is what’s known as a “freemium” model.

If you can’t tell how a free VPN can sustain its business, then you should be wary about how your data could be exploited for profit. AV-Test conducted a recent study on the trustworthiness of VPN companies. You can read that report here.

My WiFi Router

Efficiency is a perfect description of My WiFi Router. It can create hotspots with high range signals and share to multiple devices; it also supports sharing of files across them.

My WiFi Router is great for regular users. It has all the complete features you would require from this category of software. It supports sharing of several kinds of connections from LAN, 4G, and even another WiFi; you also customize the hotspot’s name of your Hotspot to what suits you.

The interface allows you see all the connected devices and manage them; you can also allocate the WiFi speed individually.

Do I Recommend It? Yes!

I recommend this app because I didn’t have any difficulty adapting to it. Also, when I use My WiFi Router for sharing videos across multiple devices, I get to determine their broadcast speed. This app is very reliable and free, so I don’t pay.

Как работает Captive Portal (Перехватывающий Портал)

Чтобы понять, почему так легко обойти Перехватывающий Портал, а также увидеть другие способы обхода, нужно понять, как именно работает Captive Portal.

Как можно было уже увидеть – это открытая Точка Доступа, к которой может подключиться кто-угодно. Запомним это – у нас без всяких взломов уже имеется доступ к локальной сети. Если при словосочетании «локальная сеть» вам сразу приходит в голову слово «сниффинг» — то вы правы!

Сетевое оборудование настроено так, чтобы всех подключившихся перенаправлять на одну и туже веб-страницу, на которой размещены условия доступа к сети. На этой странице пользователь вводит ПИН из СМС или логин и пароль. Обычно для доступа к веб-странице перехватывающего портала используется протокол HTTP (а не HTTPS). Это связано с особенностями локальной сети – для локальных адресов невозможно получить валидные SSL сертификаты, а использование невалидных ничего не добавляет к безопасности, но при этом создаёт дополнительные проблемы.

Кстати, если вы подключились к Порталу и пытаетесь открыть что-то в веб-браузере, но у вас не происходит переадресация на веб-страницу Captive Portal, то вероятнее всего дело в том, что вы пытаетесь зайти на сайт с HTTPS протоколом – попробуйте открыть любой сайт на HTTP и вас всё-таки перебросит на страницу «входа»,

Чтобы пользователи не догадались использовать нестандартные порты (например, для подключения к VPN, использовать браузер Tor или прокси), то весь трафик на всех портах блокируется. Кроме трафика UDP на 53 порту – это необходимо чтобы пропускать запросы к DNS-серверу.

После того, как пользователь ввёл верные учётные данные, для его MAC-адреса и IP адреса открывается неограниченный доступ. Привязка идёт именно к MAC-адресу (либо к паре MAC-адрес и IP адрес), поскольку по-другому проблематично реализовать доступ для всего устройства. Современным компьютерам, а особенно мобильным устройствам, недостаточно браузера: телефоны используют разнообразные мессенджеры, многие программы пользуются сетью: онлайн игры, антивирусы для обновления баз, почтовый клиенты и т.д. Т.е. невозможно ограничится кукиз в веб-браузере или чем-то подобным: необходимо открывать полный доступ для сетевого интерфейса клиента, какой бы трафик и на каком бы порту ему не понадобился. Сетевые интерфейсы обладают уникальным идентификатором – MAC-адресом. Именно на основе него и «запоминается» устройство, которому разрешён доступ. Перехватывающий Портал может оставлять кукиз в веб-браузере, но они носят вспомогательный характер: например, для ускорения повторной аутентификации.

Здесь описана «сильная» конфигурация перехватывающего портала – с защитой «по полной». Конкретные реализации могут быть ещё слабее: например, для перенаправления на страницу Портала может использоваться DNS сервер, который на все запросы будет отвечать IP адресом Captive Portal, и при этом не будет должной фильтрации трафика. Как результат, такой Портал можно обойти просто использованием обычного VPN соединения, либо установкой в настройках DNS сервера в паре с браузером Tor и т.п.

Avast Wi-Fi Finder Android App

What We Like

  • Comes in both Android and iOS platforms.

  • Offline mode comes in handy when saving data quotas.

  • Can share Wi-Fi with other Avast users.

  • Built-in speed test.

What We Don’t Like

  • Not available in the US.

  • Program can be a bit intrusive.

Avast is a major company in the antivirus realm but they also have a free Wi-Fi finder app that lets you find free, public wireless networks wherever you may be.

The app is very simple in that you can’t filter or easily see what kind of business the hotspot belongs to. However, it does have some pretty neat features not found in most other free Wi-Fi finding apps.

For instance, you can download hotspots in your country to have access to their locations even without an internet connection. Also, Avast reports if the hotspot is safe if it can download at high speeds, and if it has a good rating from other users.

Password protected networks might still be accessible through Avast’s app because other users can share passwords with the community.

Plot

Drifter Harry Madox takes a job as a used car salesman in a small Texas town. In the summer heat, he develops an interest in Gloria Harper, who works at the car dealership. Dolly Hershaw, who is married to the dealership’s owner, flirts with Harry and they begin a torrid affair.

Harry learns that the bank staff are all volunteer firemen so he sets a fire to lure them away from the bank. While they are gone, Harry robs the bank, but then has to enter the burning building to save a man who is trapped inside. The town’s sheriff suspects Harry, but Dolly gives him an alibi and tells him she will sell him out unless he kills her husband. When he refuses, Dolly threatens to expose him. She ultimately kills her husband herself by overstimulating his weak heart during sex.

Meanwhile, Gloria is being blackmailed by Frank Sutton, who has nude photographs of her sister with another woman. Harry, who has fallen in love with Gloria, confronts Sutton to get the pictures, and kills him in the ensuing struggle. Harry plants evidence to divert suspicion away from himself for Sutton’s murder, then tells the police that Sutton, who had no job and few assets, had recently paid cash for a new car, making it seem that Sutton had robbed the bank. Harry receives a hefty reward for providing the tip that helps the police «solve» the robbery. He plans to marry Gloria and take her to the Caribbean Islands.

Dolly ruins Harry’s plans by showing him a copy of a letter (to be opened in the event of her death) implicating him in the robbery and in Sutton’s death, and telling Gloria about the affair. A heartbroken Gloria leaves Harry. Enraged, Harry tries to strangle Dolly, but cannot bring himself to kill her. Harry resigns himself to life with Dolly, and leaves town with her.

Why you need a VPN

VPN is off

A VPN protects your data and identity from hackers by concealing your IP address, while allowing unrestricted access to the content you love. As your information travels back and forth between your computer and the websites/services you use, there are a number of points on that journey where your data could be intercepted. Even if a website is secure, it does not guarantee that your information will stay safe. A VPN adds an extra layer of protection to your internet connection.

    • Your browsing history
    • Your credit card information
    • Your physical location
    • Your IP address
    • Other personal information
  • With a VPN

    Hotspot Shield VPN allows you to:

    • Protect your personal information from hackers, snoopers, and ISPs
    • Prevent service-based bandwidth throttling
    • Access restricted websites and apps
    • Browse the web anonymously by masking your IP address

It only takes a few clicks to download and run our free VPN. Give it a try today.

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Максим Иванов
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